Cybersecurity architecture determines which controls are required to protect critical information and the acceptable level of risk.
The cybersecurity architect can provide answers to the security concerns of the company.
Cyber security architecture includes risk management, malware protection, awareness session, and security configuration.
Table of Contents
- What is Cyber Security Architecture?
- Cyber Security Architecture Purpose
- Architecture Monitoring in Cyber Security
- Cyber Security Architecture Principles and Framework
What is Cyber Security Architecture?
Cyber security refers to the design and maintenance of devices across networks to protect them against malicious assaults or unauthorized access.
It prevents unauthorized access to people, processes, and technology through many sorts of attacks.
The design of systems in which these processes can thrive refers to security architecture. If you find the word too technical, here’s a brief explanation.
Cyber Security Architecture Purpose
Cyber security architecture is now a must for organizations. Let us see what the purposes of cyber security architecture are.
- Small and large businesses should implement a merged cyber security architecture to protect their most critical assets from advanced cyber attacks.
- Organizations can close security gaps, reduce risk, and increase operational efficiency by taking a holistic approach to building a cyber security architecture. A consolidated security architecture is a multi-layered, holistic approach to cyber security.
- It provides visibility into an organization’s threat posture while lowering TCO and increasing operational efficiency.
- To minimize, mitigate, hidden, or dynamic cyber-attacks.
- To ensure that cyber-attack surfaces are small and secretly stored, they can move stealthily towards threat targets and are difficult to detect and penetrate by cyber threats.
- Make sure that all your confidential and sensitive data is strongly encrypted and transferred using end-to-end encryption techniques.
- Countermeasures such as Moving-Target Defences are used to aggressively detect, mitigate, and counteract all cyber-attacks (MTD).
Architecture Monitoring in Cyber Security
Following are some steps that organization should have in architecture monitoring:
- Create a detailed monitoring strategy with policies to back it up. Examine the business model and devise a monitoring strategy that best suits it.
- Keep an eye on each system. Leaving out some ostensibly low-risk network is risky because hackers can exploit such a flaw. As a result, you’ll need to set up systems to detect everything from attacks to abnormal system behavior.
- Monitor user activity for a variety of reasons, including detecting and preventing misuse of privileges.
- Clear out the clutter in your monitoring system. Remove any extra functionality, as having too many alerts can make it difficult to detect an attacker. To put it another way, change your monitoring system to make it more effective.
- Examine and document any lessons learned to improve the organization’s efforts in this area.
Cyber Security Architecture Principles and Framework
Cybersecurity principle and framework includes several steps or policies that are as follows:
1) Risk Management:
This step entails establishing and communicating policies regarding how you will approach risk management.
It needs to identify the potential risks, prioritize the most crucial risks, and develop action plans for dealing with them.
The risk management regime should be presented to and approved by the governing structure. It is critical because they will establish new or additional policies if the threat paradigm shifts.
2) Configuration Security:
Configure your security system by removing unnecessary functions and ensuring the perimeter is free of any loopholes that could allow for a data breach.
The system configuration is analogous to the foundation of a building; if it is not secure, it will jeopardize everything else.
3) Secure Network:
Network security is a critical component of cyber security. You must build a secure network with responses to protect it from attacks.
From the foundation of your network’s architecture to active monitoring, you can filter cybersecurity threats and enable access in the most secure way possible.
It should reflect policies, defining the parameters within which your organization can operate.
Network security testing should be done on a regular basis as it exposes weaknesses.
4) Preventing Malware Attack:
Any malware or spyware should be detected and prevented from entering the systems because it puts your network at risk.
You can get this malware attack via emails, web pages, system vulnerabilities, or even a removable computer device. That is why you must install anti-malware software on all fronts and implement policies that require routine auditing.
Also, Checkout What is a Common Indicator of a Phishing Attempt?
5) Privilege Management:
Create policies that limit access to security systems to only what is necessary, based on the employee’s job. For example, with the rule-based access control, you can group users based on rules.
It is never a good idea to share passwords with everyone, even if the company is small.
6) Remote Work Policies:
Because working from home is sometimes necessary, it is critical to establish policies on network sharing and other security concerns ahead of time.
During the coronavirus outbreak, for example, hackers attacked businesses.
7) Train and Aware Users:
In a security-conscious organization, this principle revolves around enforcing a security culture.
Employees and users need hands-on knowledge to protect data and systems on their end, so organizations should conduct training and awareness programs regularly.
8) Management of Incidents:
Many organizations in today’s technological world experience incidents at some point.
However, establishing policies and processes will help to handle incidents for quick and long-term recovery effectively.
9) Removable Devices:
Removable devices are a common way for malware to spread and sensitive data to be exposed.
As a result, clear policies must be established, along with system configurations that detect user mishandling of removable devices.
It is necessary to establish policies, but it is even more critical to monitor their implementation.
An organization should monitor all implemented policies. It aids in the efficient running of an organization by detecting and responding to indiscipline and attack early on.
A cyber security architecture is a merged security design that addresses the requirements and risks related to a specific scenario or environment.
It also specifies when and where the company should implement controls. In this blog, we have explained every dimension of cybersecurity architecture to help you out.