We are using the internet in every work that is important for education, health, entertainment, and other things too. The more we rely on the internet, the more will be the threat of attacks on our social media accounts, email, and PC as well.
These threats can be malware or spyware. You might unaware of malware, spyware, how to avoid them, and malware vs spyware. So, let us look into it.
Table of Contents
- Malware Vs Spyware
- What is Malware in Computer?
- What is Spyware?
Malware Vs Spyware
Malware and spyware infect your PC and by such malicious software, hackers aim to gain access to your sensitive information. Let’s have a briefer look at the two and know their differences.
What is Malware in Computer?
Malware is a stack of malicious software that has many variants. Malware is a code developed to hack the data of someone or destroy the data of the system.
It causes severe damages to data. Sometimes data cannot be recovered, if one gets late in identifying the malicious activity in the PC, laptop, or even in mobile too. Thus you need to prevent mobile data threats too.
Malware can affect confidential information in different ways. It can steal the data, demand ransom, and blackmail you using your personal data.
Cyberattacks are getting strong day by day. For this reason, cybersecurity is important. Malware detection is becoming difficult. It enters your system through unintended actions like downloading a file from an insecure link, suspicious email, or cracked version of any software.
Types of Malware
Malware has many types differentiating based on the way of attacking, recovery, and damage. The most common malware types are:
Worms are an independent type of malware and spread themselves from one computer to another. Worm injects itself into a computer, then gets in the main network line and rolls out to other systems as well. This the reason for calling this malware a “Worm”.
A computer virus is also a standalone program that enters another program and forces it to act maliciously and weave into the system.
Also, Read What is Macro Virus & How to Remove It?
3) Trojan Horses
Trojan horses cannot replicate themselves. This is the type of malware that seduce the user towards itself and the user unintendedly activates it and damages the data.
The name “Adware” is a combination of two words. The ad is for advertisement and ware for malware. It is malware attacks through advertisements.
A pop-up window appears for ads that cannot be closed without allowing and get in your computer.
Fireball is an example of an Adware virus that has infected 250 million computers since 2017.
It is a Trojan malware developed in 2014, having acute attacks on the systems.
Stuxnet is a worm that spreads quickly but has minor damage.
How to Avoid Malware?
There are very simple ways to avoid malware. That is:
a) Updated Software
Keep updating software and your laptop. It decreases the risk of malicious attacks.
b) Email Attachments
Email security is important too. Try to keep yourself far from downloading email attachments that are fishy.
Do not share files frequently. The files can get corrupted easily.
Also, Read How to Password Protect a PDF File for Free?
What is Spyware?
Spyware is one type of malware. It is malicious software intended to get access to your computer and damage it.
To be specific, spyware tries to hack your data or company’s information. Once this spyware software gets installed on your PC, it removes data from the memory and copies it to some other place.
There are many techniques to know your information, like passwords and databases. It does this through keystrokes, hard drives, and web search history. Usually, 80% of user’s computers are infected by spyware software, and 89% are unaware of their presence on the PC.
Types of Spyware in Computer
1) Commercial Spyware
These are spy apps that track the activities of the host and copy information from third-party devices. Commercial spyware is a new form of spyware.
2) Modem Hijacker
Modem Hijacker is no more in today’s world because of no existence of dial-up connections. It is the oldest spyware. One’s internet surfing gets attacked. It is also called “Dialer Hijacking”.
3) Browser Hijacker
In this type, the user’s browser settings get updated without the permission of the user. It replaces the landing pages with malicious software. This attack can get severe and block your windows register permanently.
4) Key loggers
Key loggers spyware record history, keystrokes, and computer activity. They can also access email activity and chat. People usually know keyloggers as system monitors.
Examples of Spyware
a) Info Stealers
This spyware taps your login credentials, email addresses, and files and shares them with other parties.
b) Password Stealers
If one’s device gets infected by password stealer spyware; it will collect the passwords you enter on any device.
How to Prevent Spyware?
a) Antivirus Software
Install any antivirus that has the feature of detecting spyware.
b) Suspicious Email
Do not reply to the emails having money or job offers, these might have spyware.
Do not click on links you receive on the internet platforms. As you might end up clicking on a phishing link too.
Malware Vs Spyware Vs Adware
- Malware and spyware are malicious software, while adware is non-malicious.
- Malware damages the computer and its data; spyware track the data and sends it to third-party and adware is for generating profits through advertisement.
- Malware is the parent, while spyware and adware are its children.
- Malware has several ways of infecting the data while adware only plays the advertisement on the user’s browser and spyware gathers your credentials without letting you know.
Difference Between Malware and Virus and Spyware
- Malware covers all malicious software while virus and spyware are kinds of malware, so it cannot be malware vs something but yes virus vs spyware.
- Virus sticks to the data and infects it while spyware keeps itself active in your PC.
- Spyware searches for the host to embed in it while the virus’s purpose is to spread.
- Spyware attacks and attaches only one computer at a time, but the virus intends to spread from one computer to another.
- Viruses can damage and corrupt your data, while spyware is a parasite that only needs a host body.
Any cyber-attack is dangerous for you. Either it is malware, spyware, or any other attack.
The malware vs spyware is a long discussion, but this blog explains to the point things above. Subsequently, malware can cause trouble for you by infecting important files while spyware lives in your system and monitors your activity.