So you are looking for the answer to the question what is SQL server and many others related to its versions and editions.
In this article, you will get to know all about this topic.
What is SQL Server?
It is Microsoft’s RDBMS.
This RDBMS is used to store data.
It was introduced in 1979 and supports and implements SQL. This impressive application is known for its flexibility.
The most common competitors are:
- Oracle dB
SQL Server manages and stores information. It supports various systems, including analytics operations, business intelligence operations, and transaction processing. The system consists of a management system.
Introduction to SQL:
It was designed for manipulation of data and uses concepts of calculus and relational algebra also.
This wonderful language was introduced in 1970 by IBM.
Table of Contents
- What Does SQL Mean?
- What is a Server?
- MS SQL Server Version:
- MS SQL Server Editions:
- MS SQL Tools:
- MS SQL Client:
- What is SQL Server Agent?
- What is it’s Reporting Service?
- What is Oracle?
- Oracle Corporation:
- Oracle Database:
- A Non-Relational Database:
- Final Words:
What Does SQL Mean?
- It was initially called SEQUEL.
- A programming language used for managing RDBMS (Relational Database Management System).
- It consists of clauses, statement, queries, and expressions.
What is SQL Used For?
It is used to connect to the database. You can store, edit and save data/ information with it.
You can also insert and retrieve data.
It consists of:
- DDL(Data definition language)
- DML(DATA manipulation language)
- DCL(Data control language)
The queries are used.
The commands included are:
Transaction controlling commands are:
What is a Server?
It is a program that provides services to other programs. The server works as a centralized computer that manages different services in a network. Some common servers are Domain name server (DNS) and Apache web server.
You can get more about them at What are servers?
MS SQL Server Version:
Many versions have been introduced keeping in front of the demand of users and the software.
These include SQL Server 2016,2014,2012,2008 and 2008 R2.
It’s 2016 version works on x64 processors.
MS SQL Server Editions:
It is available in many editions.
I bet you will get tired of counting them all.
Some of them include:
- Enterprise Edition
- Express edition
- Web edition
- Workgroup edition
- Compact edition
- Evolution edition
- Fast track edition
- Personal Edition
There are much more than these.
What is SQL Server Express?
It ‘s hard to discuss all of these so let us explain it briefly.
The most important thing about this edition is that it can be used to build applications that can hold a large amount of data of up to 10 GB disk space and are free to use.
You can download it easily.
It has some hardware limits also and includes several GUI tools which are helpful in database management.
MS SQL Tools:
SSDT (SQL Server Data Tools):
You can efficiently work on a database project with the help of this tool. It helps you to maintain and debug database. You can quickly generate development reports with the support of these tools.
It has made editing and creating tables much easier On installing, this tool is already included in the features. There are some more tools in database development.
Some of them are listed below:
- Code navigation
What is SQL Server Management Studio?
It helps you determine which version you are running.
First, right-click on the instance name and then select properties. The general section will have the information of the version you are running.
You can also determine the version by running a query in it.
First, connect then type in the following query
SELECT SERVERPROPERTY(product version’), SERVERPROPERTY (‘product level’), SERVERPROPERTY (‘edition’)
and your version will be displayed to you.
MS SQL Client:
It client was introduced in 2005 and is used to create a new application or enhance the working of existing applications.
If you want to update a request, then you may need to use it to build new functionalities.
It is used in creating an application that uses new features.
You can download it from Microsoft’s website. This technology is used to access information stored in the database.
What is SQL Server Agent?
A component that schedules different tasks.
Some of these tasks include:
- Job scheduling
- Database monitoring
It uses GUI wizards. After it plans the job, database programs the execution frequency.
This component can be started in both ways; manually or automatically.
It uses operators for alerts. By default is disabled. You will need to enable it.
You can run jobs in many ways and can run it according to a schedule or response to an alert.
For security purpose it uses,
These are used to control the access of users. It also uses proxies to control security. Proxies can be used in creating DB of the members of sysadmin.
What is it’s Reporting Service?
Software that helps in creating a database for facts analysis. It helps in creating and maintaining reports. It includes:
- Analysis Services
- Integration Services
It provides a unique interface.
This service was first introduced in 2004 and then in 2005, the second version was released.
What is Oracle?
An American multinational corporation which provides database software and products.
It was first named as Oracle System Corporation then changed to Oracle Corporation and is now officially called as Oracle.
It also provides business applications.
Some of them are listed below:
- Oracle E-Business Suite
- Enterprise resource planning
- Human resource management.
For its product marketing, it has joined hands with Oracle certified partners. Some of the tools by Oracle Corporation include:
- Oracle Discoverer
- Net Beans
- Oracle Application Express
- Open Java Development Kit
Some of the Oracle services include:
It was produced by Oracle Corporation and is just referred to as Oracle.
It is an object RDBMS (relational database management system).
Physically it stores data in the form of a data file. The data is stored logically in the way of table space. The table is partitioned by key.
Oracle database consists of a real data file in which data is stored.
It comes with a default schema called SCOTT. It relies on processes running in the background.
Some of them are listed below:
- Memory manager process
- Memory monitor light process
- Queue monitor processes
- Monitor for Data Guard management
- Space management coordinator process
You will be quite amazed to know that it comes with more than 60 language versions.
A Non-Relational Database:
You might be thinking if Oracle is an RDBMS (relational database management system) then what are the non-relational databases
- It is the database that is not dependent on any relational model.
- It is also called the NoSql database.
- It is mostly used in big data applications.
SQL Server and Oracle are the RDBMS while MongoDB is a popular non-relational database management system.
Its some primary benefits include:
- Flexible Schema design
- Handling unstructured data
- Found as open source
By now you would have understood what is SQL server and sequel.
You would have correctly understood it’s databases, editions versions and tools.
Thus they have provided users with facilities.
It turns the applications into intelligent applications and is a quite helpful web-based application.
Also, Read Database Security Best Practices Checklist