The hardware and software are part of a computer system. It is quite difficult to answer the question that what is the difference between hardware and software.
Hardware is anything that we can touch while the software is that we cannot touch. CD-ROM, CPU, memory are examples of hardware. Antivirus, Linux, games are examples of software.
What is Hardware in Computer?
The physical components that a computer system requires to function are known as computer hardware. Any component working with the computer system like graphics card, CPU, ventilation fans, webcam, power are from the hardware category.
Although the hardware design of desktop PCs and laptops changes owing to the size differences. Both have the same essential components. There would be no way to execute the software that makes computers so helpful without hardware.
Categories of Hardware
- Input Devices: we classify components used to input data as input devices. They help feed data like text, photos, and audiovisual recordings into the system. They can even help with file transfers from one machine to another.
- Processing Devices: A computer’s primary function is processing. It is the point that converts raw data into information. Once processed, we can use data for productive reasons.
- Output devices: The output category includes hardware components that disseminate and display data and information.
- Memory/storage devices: Memory/storage devices are components that keep or store data.
What is Software in Computer?
A set of instructions, data, or programs used to run computers and carry out specified activities is software. It is the inverse of hardware, which describes a computer’s physical components. Software is a catch-all phrase for apps, scripts, and programs that execute on a device.
It tells all the computer system’s peripheral devices what to do and how to do it. PC software acts as a bridge between the user and the computer hardware. A user cannot execute any job on a digital computer without the usage of the software.
Categories of Software
- System software: An operating system primarily controls the system software, regulates the internal functioning of a computer and peripherals such as monitors, printers, and storage devices.
- Application Software: Applications software can handle user input and assist the user in completing a task. It’s also known as an app or end-user program.
What is the Difference Between Hardware and Software?
- Hardware is the external and physical components, while software is an internal component.
- Hardware is tangible, while the software is intangible.
- Hardware further has four divisions: input, output, secondary storage, and internal components. The software has two major categories: system software and application software.
- If the hardware gets corrupted or damaged, you can replace it with a new component. You can reinstall the software using backup or its setup.
- The hardware needs software to perform its functions, while software needs to be installed in the computer to perform its function.
- We manufacture hardware using electronic devices and other components, while we developed the software using programming languages.
- Hardware failures are unpredictable. Increasing failure rates characterize the last stage of hardware. Software failures are a regular occurrence. The failure rate of software does not increase.
- Inevitably, hardware degrades with time. In contrast to physical objects, the software does not deteriorate. Software develops bugs.
- At the machine level, hardware devices are employed, while the software is used to guide the hardware on what kind of work it should accomplish based on its type.
- The nature of hardware is physical, while software has a logical structure.
- Hardware cannot be electronically transferred from one location to another across a network, software can.
- Viruses do not affect hardware. Viruses impact software because they are the primary target.
How Does Software work with hardware?
Without each other, computers’ software and hardware are useless. Essentially, computer software is a collection of computer programs that enable us to complete specific tasks on a computer. It requires compatibility with hardware for the software to accomplish tasks.
The operating system provides an interface to hardware to make the two objects compatible with each other. In this method, the coordination between the two can be managed, and both can work in parallel.
Examples of Hardware and Software
Examples of Hardware:
- Hard disk drive: it permanently stores the data on hard discs. When there is no power, it is a kind of non-volatile memory that does not lose data or instructions. A hard drive can now hold a massive amount of data.
- Motherboard: The computer motherboard, often known as the mainboard, is a part of PCB (printed circuit board) to which cables and wires attach all other devices. The motherboard distributes all the voltages and power received from the SMPS or power supply to various sections of the PC’s hardware devices.
Examples of Software:
- Housecall: HouseCall is a free virus scan tool that is available for download. The program searches your system for viruses, worms, Trojans, and spyware. There are several scan choices, including a Full Scan and a Quick Scan, and custom scanning possibilities.
- Operating System: It is an example of system software that completes the requirements and managing other programs that run on the computer. A system can not run without an operating system.
Similarities Between Hardware and Software
Hardware and software are two sides of the coin. They are not similar but work together to run a computer system. The only similarity they have is that they both are part of a computer.
The difference between hardware and software is very clear. Both software and hardware work together to function as a computer system.
The hardware allows you to get in touch with the computer and software connects hardware with the system software. Any app you use for gaming, word processing, or music is software, while the components you enter information like keyboard, mouse, and joystick are hardware.