What Is A DNS Server Address? All that You Need To Know

domain name server

Introduction:

In this article you will get some amazing and informative knowledge about DNS and DNS server  address. You will get to know how to find DNS server. Some of the points discussed in this article are listed below:

  • What is a DNS?
  • What is a server?
  • What is DNS a server?
  • How to find DNS server?
  • What is your DNS server address?
  • Find Google IP address
  • Open DNS vs. Google DNS
  • Difference between preferred DNS server and alternate DNS server

What is a DNS?

What is a DNS

DNS stands for Domain Name System. It is a method for naming the resources that are connected to internet or to any other private network. It has been serving us since 1980.

Domain names are translated to IP addresses to locate the device that are connected to a network. It holds the responsibility for assigning domain names and then assigns a name server to each domain. One would not be wrong if compare them with the online phone-book because they keep record of domain names and then perform their duty of translating them into IP addresses.

What is a server?

Server is basically an instance of computer that respond to the request that are made by some other programs. They have various types. Some of them are listed below

  • Mail server
  • Application server
  • Proxy server
  • File server
  • Blade server

What is a DNS  server?

What is a DNS server

The function of a DNS server is to response to the queries that are against to its database.

DNS servers in a network are configured with the main purpose of forwarding i .e they forward those queries that they cannot resolve.

Some of the well known records in DNS database are listed below:

  1. Start of Authority (SOA)
  2. SMTP mail exchangers
  3. Name servers

How to find DNS server?

By nslooup tool:

You just thought how to find DNS server. Well it’s not a really difficult task. You can easily find DNS server by nslookup tool. This procedure involves fowling steps:

  1. First start nslookup
  2. The set up your search type to NS. This is done to tell nslookup that you intend to search for name servers.
  3. Then enter your desired domain name i.e. for which you want to search name servers.

By nslookup command:

You can also view your DNS server’s address by simply typing nslookup command.

  1. From the start menu type run
  2. Then type cmd in the search box.

cmd window

  1. This opens the command prompt for you as shown in the picture above. Then in the command prompt type nslookup and then your desired domain, for which servers’ address you want to find.

For example for YouTube you may type nslookup www.youtube.com nslookup youtube

Google DNS server address:

Google DNS server address

similarly you can find the DNS server address of google by typing nslookup goole.com in the command prompt.

nslookup google

What is my DNS server address?

The most easiest way to find your DNS server’s address is through your router’s admin status page. Theses web pages are built for the help of users so that they may customize settings and view their desired properties.

You can also view your DNS address by using ipcongif command. Open the command prompt by the method discussed earlier, then type the command: ipconfig/all. This will show you your DNS server’s address.

ipconfig all

This is how it will be shown.

dns servers

Find Google IP address:

Google has multiple IP addresses to provide best services to its user. Some of them are

  • 8.8.8
  • 8.4.4

If you know the Google’s IP address then no need to type its domain name in the search box of your web browser. Simply type its IP address and then you will be redirected to its website.

BY USING TRACERT COMMAND:

You can find the ip address of Google by tracert command. Open the command prompt by typing run in the search window and then type cmd.

Then type the following command in the command prompt.

tracert google.com

 tracert google

This will show you the IP address of Google . Then you can go to Google’s website by simply typing that IP address in the search bar in your web browser.

BY  USING PING COMMANG:

You can also find the IP address of Google by typing following command in the command prompt

ping google.com

 ping google.com

Open DNS server:

An Open DNS server is a server that solves DNS lookup for any request on the internet. Almost all internet clients rely on this server. Hackers use this feature for hacking. They use this to do a DDOS attack called DNS Amplification attack.

Open DNS vs. Google DNS:  

You can improve your browsing speed by using a third party DNS server. An example of third party DNS server is Google DNS server. Open DNS is faster then a third party DNS sever. It also gives you much flexibility.

  1. Open DNS server:

  • It provide you safety from phishing sites.
  • It provides you the option to block websites you don’t like.
  • It has been serving more than 30 billion request per day.
  • It hasn’t and also will not go down for a longer period.
  1. Google DNS server:

  • It is reliable.
  • It is by Google
  • It responds to more than 100 billion queries per day.
  • It is too simple and has no domain blocking

Difference between preferred DNS server and alternate DNS server:

Preferred DNS server works as the first choice. If they don’t work then alternate DNS server comes into action. The presence of these 2 benefits the user who is accessing a particular webpage. If a user fails to access the webpage trough a preferred server than alternate server does the work of that server which had failed. If your preferred DNS server is down than your computer issues that request to the alternate DNS server.

Conclusion:

By reading this article you should have completely understood DNS servers and how to find the DNS server. At home if you need these information then your modem starts finding that for you. At work your IT Company sets up huge computers with IP addresses of the servers. They have both alternate and  preferred DNS servers that have DNS server address. Thus this technology is serving people in the best possible way and playing an important role in the world of internet.